Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a pathologic condition where the mandible is fused to the fossa by bony or fibrotic tissues. This interferes with mastication, speech, oral hygiene, and normal life activities, and can be potentially life threatening when struggling to acquire an airway in an emergency. Attempting to open the mouth, stretching the periosteum, can also result in pain
To analyze and compare pharyngeal airflow characteristics pre- & post–mandibular setback surgery in patients with Class III skeletal dysplasia using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD).
This retrospective study evaluated outcomes with the use of calvarialbone grafts (CBGs) in maxillofacial reconstruction as well as donor andrecipient site complications